A sustainable garden is characterized by the responsible and efficient use of natural resources. It respects the diversity of each species and its natural cycles in each region. In other words, they are ecological and friendly spaces because they are developed by adopting healthy cultivation alternatives.
Traditional gardening has a negative impact on the environment. The reasons are clear: the excessive use of water, the use of pesticides and the insertion of plant species that can harm others. Therefore, starting a sustainable garden is a great help for the natural environment.
What are the advantages and benefits of sustainable gardens?
Sustainable gardens reduce and optimize the consumption of water, since it can be collected from rain to water the plants. But not only that, they also reduce energy consumption, as their maintenance is manual and increase the use of organic fertilizer. Composting is done with household waste, which allows you to recycle and take advantage of waste.
Another benefit is that you can grow your own food and natural remedies in your backyard. By practicing sustainable gardening, you can grow your own vegetables, fruits and condiments. In addition to obtaining medicinal plants, such as aloe vera, lavender or oregano.
Tips to keep in mind when making a sustainable garden
How can we make a sustainable garden? It is simpler than it sounds. You just have to get down to work and dedicate a whole day to your backyard.
1. Plan your garden
Before you put on your gardening gloves, you should think about the plants you have and their characteristics. Shade-loving plants should be under large trees or roofs. Those that love the sun should get full sun and those that need a lot of water should go in moist places.
So you need to research each of your plants to know where they should go.
2. Make your own compost
Compost is an organic fertilizer that results from the decomposition of animal and vegetable waste. It is obtained from composting, a process of decomposition of organic matter that contains microorganisms capable of providing nutrient-rich material for soils.
You can make this compost with animal manure, kitchen waste, urban garbage, cereals (rice), common soil and water. It is prepared by putting a layer of each element on top of another with a shovel; then cover it with plastic to preserve the humidity and stir it daily so that oxygen circulates.
3. Reuse your seeds
Use the seeds of the vegetables you bought in the supermarkets and do not throw them away. Reuse the fruits that result from that sowing.
Keep the seeds in a cool, dry place, identified with a marker. This will make it easier to have peppers, peppers, peas, tomatoes and legumes.
4. Plant only local species
If you plant species from another country in your garden they can be aggressive with the ones you already have. This is what is known as invasive, since they adapt to the environment and begin to multiply and spread at great speed.
The ecological impact of invasive species is such that they can extinguish native species or force them to move, creating a decrease in biodiversity.
5. Goodbye herbicides and chemicals
Herbicides are substances or mixtures intended to control pests. As they contain chemicals, they are harmful to the environment, so garden maintenance should be based on manual weeding.
For insect pests you can prepare a garlic spray. You will need a head of garlic, cloves and two glasses of water. Mix everything in a blender, let it sit for 1 day and then mix it with 3 liters of water. Fill a spray bottle with the natural insecticide and that’s it.
6. Store rainwater
You can store rainwater in barrels placed at the end of your home’s gutters. Keep the water in an airtight container, boil it if possible to prevent it from decomposing quickly and store it in 20-liter glass water bottles.
A sustainable garden is a money saver
Having your own vegetables in the backyard saves you a lot of money and time at the supermarket. You can also take advantage of it to grow medicinal plants to prepare your own remedies.
To prevent damage to the soil, mulch it naturally with gravel, dry leaves or shredded wood. This prevents moisture loss in the soil and regulates the temperature. Spread a layer of organic matter between 5 and 15 centimeters thick.
To condition your garden as sustainable you only need to do a little research and get to work in the backyard. Together we can protect our environment.