Infections are transmitted by air (saliva droplets, respiratory secretions, coughing, sneezing, talking) and / or contact. This contact can be direct with organic fluids (respiratory secretions, urine, blood, feces, wounds …) or through contaminated objects (toys, table, utensils, …).
Washing hands with soap and water is the most important and effective measure to keep microbes at bay. This way we can avoid getting sick ourselves and not transmit the infection to those around us. Despite being such a simple measure many people do not.
What is the correct way to wash your hands?
- Wet hands with clean running water (warm or cold) and lather them.
- Rub hands with soap, forming foam.
- Scrub all surfaces, including the fingers, between the fingers, under the nails, the palms and the back of the hands. For at least 20 seconds. You need a clock? You can hum the song “Happy Birthday” twice.
- Rinse hands with clean running water.
- Dry hands with a clean towel or air.
If soap and water are not available, an alcohol-based hand sanitizer containing at least 60% alcohol can be used. But we must remember that this does not replace water and soap. There is nothing better than water and soap to remove visible dirt.
And when do we live with someone who is sick?
When someone near us is sick, he can transmit the infection. Therefore, special attention in case of:
- Conjunctivitis. Fundamental hand washing, before and after applying eye drops. Do not share toilet utensils.
- Diarrhea. Fundamental hand washing after changing diapers or washing the child. Do not share utensils, table or toilet.
- Respiratory infections (cold, flu, bronchiolitis). Hand washing after blowing or doing nasal washes, coughing in front of a handkerchief (not in the hand – read ‘Rap of cough and elbow’). Surface washing, table, toys. Do not share utensils Minimize contact with other family members, especially the most vulnerable (small children, pregnant women, the elderly and the sick).
- Infections with skin lesions. Hand washing, do not rub the lesions, short and clean nails, do not share clean clothes.
- Diseases caused by parasites (worms). Wash hands after using the bathroom; short and clean nails, do not bite them. Extreme hygiene when handling food. Proper handling of pet droppings.