The sun is indispensable for life. It improves the state of mind, makes us feel happier, it is necessary for the synthesis of vitamin D which is responsible for fixing calcium to the bones, facilitates the activity of the neurons, etc. However, intense exposure to the sun can have harmful effects on our skin and our health in general. Protecting yourself from the sun is essential to avoid burns, spots, premature aging of the skin, and even melanomas and eye problems.
Sun damage to the skin accumulates (the skin has a memory) and is irreversible. Therefore, it is necessary to take care of it and protect it throughout the year, mainly in summer, when we are more exposed to the sun.
Although every day we are more aware of the need to take care of our skin and protect it from the sun, we often get lost and make mistakes that put it at risk. Below, we give you a series of recommendations that you should take into account so that your skin is not damaged by the effects of the sun:
- Avoid exposure to the sun during the central hours of the day (between 12 and 5 pm), as this is when UVA rays are strongest. UVA rays are more intense than UVB rays and affect the deeper layers of the dermis.
- Apply sunscreen before leaving home and exposing yourself to the sun. We should choose a protection factor appropriate to our skin type. In summer it is important to have a UVA filter and a high factor, at least 30. People with fair skin should use a higher factor and pregnant women and children should use a sunscreen with maximum protection. If we are going to sunbathe, to the beach or to the swimming pool, we should put cream on our whole body a little before sun exposure and repeat the application of the sunscreen every two hours and after the bath. Even if we are in the shade or on a cloudy day, it is necessary to use sunscreen because the clouds let the radiation through.
- To avoid eye burns, use UVA and UVB blocking sunglasses. Sunglasses are an ideal complement to your summer outfits, but don’t just go for the design, look for eye protection too.
- Do not exceed the time of exposure to the sun, wear an umbrella and use a cap or hat to protect your hair, face, neck and eyes. Children under 1 year old should not be exposed to the sun.
- Our hair also gets dry and damaged by the sun. In addition to protecting it with a cap or hat, you can apply a specific protective hair spray.
- Wear loose, freshly woven clothing and comfortable shoes. When it comes to buying clothes for the beach, generally women have it easier because the available supply is much more extensive, but when it comes to buy mens beach wear, try to follow these same rules because, no, not even the same shirt that serves to sleep is the best thing you can wear to the beach, nor you can take any old corduroy pants cut to the height of the knees … even if some do.
- Drink plenty of water, juices, infusions and eat fruits and vegetables. With the heat we lose hydration, so it is necessary to hydrate continuously.
- Use body and facial moisturizers. With the sun the skin loses hydration and elasticity, so after sunbathing, apply some aftersun lotion or cream that refreshes and hydrates your skin deeply.
The sun is synonymous with life and joy. Follow these tips and enjoy the summer in a healthy way.